#1: A - H.
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If you saw The DaVinci Code or read the Harry Potter books you have stumbled over Anagrams. You use the letters of a word to form a new word; like Tom Marvolo Riddle = I am Lord Voldemort or Army = Mary.
The American Standard Code for Information Interchange. It contains the letters of the english alphabet and is used for encoding. It is also used to create ASCII Art, which you can find at Digital Art > Text Art > ASCI
An Ambigram is a typographical design that when turned for for example 180° reads the same like before. Type is either edited or drawn (Calligraphy) to create the design.
Most letters in words have to be edited to create an anbmigram, but other words like "opodo", "pod" or "NOON" are already ambigrams from the start. Letters usable for Ambigrams are: b, d, l, m, n, o, p, q, s, u, w, x, y, z, H, I, N, M, O, P, S, U, W, X, Y and Z. Even numbers can form Ambigrams, for example "69", "808" or "1001".
Ambigrams are very popular for Logo Designs.
It is a scriptform, that first appeared in the 12th century and stayed popular well into the 17th. You may know it as Gothic Script or Fraktur as well. Books used to be hand-written in this script style during the middle ages. It survived the invention of the letterpress in the form of Blackletter fonts, but is hardly practiced with pen anymore nowadays.
Is a font style used to emphasize certain words or paragraphs of text. Bold font styles are designed additionally to the regular font style; examples are Helvetica Regular & Helvetica Bold. Sometimes a Black style of a font is avaiable as well, which is usually even "stronger" than Bold.
A Calligram is text that is written in a way to form a visual image. This can be a poem, a quote, words related to the visual or just one repeated word. The text does not need to be Calligraphy, but the "style" derives from Calligraphy. Nowadays typefaces are used to form the visual imagey.
Calligraphy depicts self-drawn characters or signs in an artistic and skillful manner using tools such as pen or brush. It is sometimes called Fancy Lettering and is still very popular in Asian or Islamic Art.
Is the practice of writing compound words or phrases in which the elements are joined without spaces, with each element's initial letter capitalized within the compound and the first letter is either upper or lower case. The word itself is an example for this: CamelCase; others famous examples are: iPod, McDonalds and actually even deviantART.
Are the "big" letters, like A, B, C etc.. They are also called capitals (caps) or upper case (uppercase). Way into the 14th century you would either only use Capital Letters or Lowercase Letters fro writing. Only with the invention of the letterpress arrived the writing system we know today.
Is a style of a font. Like the Bold style it is designed additionally to the regular font. A condensed font is drawn narrower than the width of the regular version.
Is origingally an ornament, character or spacer used in typography. Nowadays it's mostly known as a font, that consists of shapes instead of the letters from a -z.
The Emoticon is a combination of different letters and [it is] used to display different moods, actions and situations. (Taken from The History of Emoticons by `mintyy for ProjectEducate).
You use letters or glyphs to create Emoticons; for example the combination of colon and bracket, known as . Other examples are ^_^ o_O xD :S or =-o.
A collection of all letters from a certain typeface in one size. Helvetica 9pt is a font, just as Helvetica 12pt is. However, the use of the word font like that is long outdated. It is still used in traditional typesetting, where you need a set of every font size a typeface can be set it. With setting type digitally, font has become a synonym for a whole typeface or style of a typeface, like Helvetica Bold.
Is a synonym for Typeface. It describes the whole set of styles a font/typeface comes with. It is mainly used under this name in HTML or XHTML to define the font a text appears in.
A Font Family can contain a wide amount of styles: Hairline, Thin, Ultra-light, Extra-light, Light, Book, Normal (regular / Roman / plain), Medium, Demi-bold / semi-bold, Bold, Extra-bold / extra, Heavy, Black, Extra-black or Ultra-black / ultra.
A Gylph is a property of a typeface, that defines a different version of a letter. Most known Glyphs are alternate versions of letter combinations, such as fi, ft or st. Those can be activated in many programs or come as seperate styles of a font.
Is also known as Penmanship and is the artform of writing with your hand a writing instrument. It is not to be confused with Calligraphy, as Handwriting is less illustrative or decorative. Handwriting fonts are known as hands or scripts. It used to be rather a craft, than an artform as it was used for documents or contracts before doing that by typewriters or digitally.
Is one of the most famous and controversy fonts. It was developed by swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger in 1957. It is a Sans Serif font, very popular for it's "universal" usage. However this is what makes it so controversial, as many designers just use Helvetica by default, knowing anything will look good using it.
It is even used on the New York subway system.
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